Vaginal Dryness - Symptom Causes and Treatments

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Vaginal dryness is a widespread issue affecting women of all ages, particularly during menopause. It results from a decline in estrogen levels, leading to discomfort, irritation, and painful intercourse. Over 50% of postmenopausal women and 17% of premenopausal women experience this condition. While it can be a distressing problem, various treatments are available, including lifestyle changes, vaginal lubricants and moisturizers, creams, topicals, estrogen tablets, and hormone replacement therapy. However, it is essential to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate course of action based on individual circumstances.

What is Vaginal Dryness?

Vaginal dryness is a condition characterized by a lack of adequate lubrication in the vaginal area, often leading to discomfort, irritation, and painful intercourse.  This phenomenon in women’s life affects both premenopausal and postmenopausal women.

According to the study led by Vadym Goncharenko et. al., from Clinical Hospital “Pheophania” of Ukraine, it is said that more than 50% of postmenopausal women over 51 years and around 17% of premenopausal women aged 17-50 years experience vaginal dryness which is directly linked to decreasing levels of estrogen and is causing couples to experience problems with sexual intercourse.

It is often described by women as experiencing discomfort, inflammation, and painful intercourse. As also characterized by a study from University of California Davis, School of Medicine, these sensations are dry vaginal lips, irritation, itching, or burning outside of sexual activities which often leads also to low libido, and decreased sexual satisfaction.

We’ll look more closely at the possible causes of vaginal dryness because they can result from a number of things, such as hormonal changes, certain medical disorders, and the use of certain medications.